Jump to navigation Jump to search For the association sex orang barat team, see Kelantan FA. This article relies too much on references to primary sources. The capital and royal seat is Kota Bharu. Kelantan is positioned in the north-east of Peninsular Malaysia.
Kelantan is located in the north-eastern corner of the peninsula. Kelantanese Malay language, which is unintelligible even for some speakers of standard Malay. There are a number of suggestions for the origin of the name Kelantan. One theory proposes that the word Kelantan comes from a modified version of the word gelam hutan, i. Siamese when it was under their influence. Hindu temples which dotted the land in the very ancient days.
Kolaan Thana’ or ‘Kolaam Thana’ gradually became ‘Kelantan’ to fit in better with the speaking dialect of the local people. Kelantan’s early history is not very clear, but archaeological findings show Kelantan’s evidence as a human settlement in prehistoric times. In 1499, Kelantan became a vassal state of the Malacca Sultanate. With the fall of Malacca in 1511, Kelantan was divided up and ruled by petty chieftains, paying tribute to Patani, then the supreme Malay Kingdom of the eastern peninsula. The legendary Cik Siti Wan Kembang was said to have reigned over Kelantan sometime between the 16th and 17th centuries. The flag of Kelantan before 1924.
The flag incorporates Kitmir, a dog from Surah Al-Kahf. Around 1760, Long Yunus, an aristocratic warlord of Patani origin succeeded in unifying the territory of present-day Kelantan and enthroned by his father-in-law Ku Tanang Wangsa, Regent of Terengganu as Yang di-Pertuan Muda or Deputy Ruler of Kelantan. Thousands flocked into the streets of Kota Bharu to witness the Burung Petala Procession in 1933. Sultan Muhammad II leveraged on his loose alliance with Siam to form the modern Kelantan state, centered in his new fort on the eastern bank of the Kelantan river, which became Kota Bharu in 1844.
Kelantan was where the Japanese first landed during their invasion of Malaya, on 8 December 1941. Kelantan became part of the Malayan Union in 1946 and then the Federation of Malaya on 1 February 1948, and together with other Malayan states attained independence on 31 August 1957. On 16 September 1963, Kelantan became one of the states of Malaysia. For centuries, Kelantan was all but separated from the rest of the country by the Titiwangsa Mountains, a mountain range running from north to south through the peninsula. Weeks of hard travel were required to reach Kelantan. The “easy way” to Kelantan was to sail around the peninsula, braving the sea and pirates.