What are the reasons for a hysterectomy? There are various reasons why women need to have a hysterectomy, however, sometimes they can be delayed or avoided through having regular sex drive after hysterectomy tests, or a laparoscopy. Fibroids-These are non-malignant tumors that often grow to large sizes and press down on other organs, which can cause heavy bleeding or pelvic pain.
Endometriosis- Groups of endometrial cells sometimes grow outside of the uterus and attach themselves to other organs in the pelvic cavity. When this happens, the cells build up and bleed each month in accordance with an ovarian cycle. This can lead to chronic pelvic pain, pain during sex and prolonged or heavy bleeding. Endometrial hyperplasia-This is a cause of abnormal bleeding. The over thickening of the uterine lining often due to the presence of very high levels of estrogen.
Life threatening blockage of the bladder, or the intestines by the uterus, or a growth within it. This includes the removal of the entire uterus, including the fundus and the cervix. It is the most common type of hysterectomy that is now performed. Although the ovaries will not be removed in this operation, many women still experience some menopausal symptoms by the second day after surgery. The possibility of entering menopause should be discussed with your doctor.
This procedure includes the removal of one or both ovaries, sometimes the fallopian tubes along with the uterus. If only one ovary is removed, you usually will remain fertile, but if both ovaries are removed, you can experience sudden menopause, premature osteoporosis or circulatory disease. This operation includes the removal of the uterus, cervix, the top portion of the vagina and most of the tissue that surrounds the cervix in the pelvic cavity. Pelvic lymph nodes may also be removed. Although this procedure is relatively rare, it is usually called for in women with cervical cancer or endometrial cancer that has spread to the cervix. This can also be referred to as a subtotal hysterectomy, this procedure removes the body of the uterus while leaving the cervix intact. This is usually used with women who have a minimal risk of developing cervical cancer.
The method of hysterectomy that you have is determined by your age, the number of births you’ve had, your condition as well as what your physician thinks is best for you. Each method affects recovery, and scaring. In an abdominal hysterectomy, the uterus is removed through a surgical incision about 6-8 inches long. This is most commonly used when the ovaries and fallopian tubes are being removed, when the uterus is enlarged and when disease has spread to the pelvic cavity as in endometriosis or cancer.